Controversially found in California, its range extends from east of Mountain Spring in Imperial County and further south into the eastern slope of Baja California down to the entire cape region reaching Cabo San Lucas.
Usually found in desert areas, these snakes can be found at the dry rocks of Baja California and canyons. They can be found at hillsides, scrubs, and palm groves and around water sources like springs and streams. They feed in small mammals including bats and other small invertebrates like lizards.Eggs are speculated to hatch ofrom June through October and are laid in a clutch of 2 – 10 eggs in spring.
It is a relatively large snake averaging a total length of about 60 inches. This rat snake is slender with a head that is long and broad, and distinguishable from the likewise slender neck. It has large and bulbous eyes and a pink tongue. The adult snakes are uniform brown with no dark markings. Although, the dorsal scales can appear to have dark colors at the edges. Sides of the snake are lighter in color and the underside as well is light colored. Juvenile snakes are pale with light streaks across the back. However, they can appear brown with faint light bands on the back.
Learn more with Schechter Natural History's Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians