East central United States, from Massachusetts to South Carolina, and west to the Mississippi River.
Found in moist areas of rocky woodlands, hidden under rotting logs or stumps. Most common at the edges of forests and wetlands, or in grasslands next to wooded areas.
A very small snake that averages 7-11 inches in length. It has smooth, unpatterned scales and a specialized spine-like scale at the tip of its short tail. Its dorsal surface is usually a uniform medium-brown, and its ventrum is light and pinkish. Its head is small and the same width as its body.
Learn more with Schechter Natural History's Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians