Populations are widely fragmented in northern Florida through southeastern Georgia into coastal South Carolina.
Adults spend most of the year underground, often in crayfish burrows, then emerge and travel to wetland habitats to breed. They are found in pine flatwoods and savannahs east of the Apalachicola River. They prefer to breed near heavy growth of pond cypress or blackgum.
A heavy-bodied salamander with a small narrow head and a thick vertically flattened tail. Its color is typically a black background with a speckled white reticulated pattern all over. It averages 9-13 cm in total length and has well-developed legs. Aquatic juveniles are dark brown with light brown longitudinal stripes.
Learn more with Schechter Natural History's Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians