The Amargosa toad is found solely in tributary springs and isolated springs in the Amargosa Desert, Oasis Valley, Nevada in the United States, the Amargosa toad is one of the reported endangered species.
They are often found in the riparian areas (or among the banks) of rivers. They breed on pond edges, pools and streams, meadows, flooded marshes, springs and flooded holes. They may also hibernate in winter in rodent burrows. At night they hunt invertebrates like insects and spiders and in the daytime, they hide in a pile of debris or dense vegetation. The mating season of the Amargosa toad usually takes place in Spring and lasts from February to July.
This toad has a warty body with a light stripe running down the center of its back. Its skin has black or brown speckling on a background that may vary in colors from olive to buff. The underside is whitish with blotches. Male toads are usually lengths of 3 – 4 inches. Females are slightly bigger with lengths of up to 3.5 – 5 inches. The female toads can produce up to six thousand eggs arranged in a string and attached to plants. Warmer temperatures accelerate egg development. It takes about 2 weeks for eggs to turn to tadpoles and 4 – 8 weeks for tadpoles to become immature toads.
Learn more with Schechter Natural History's Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians