This anole is native to the Caribbean and Central America. It was introduced into southern Florida and expanded northward into Georgia and other states including Texas, Louisiana, Hawaii, California, and North Carolina.
The brown anole spends more time roaming the ground than in the treetops. They are diurnal, prefer drier locations and warm weather and can be found basking in vegetation. In cold weather, the anoles seek shelter under shingles, tree barks, in rotten logs. They feed on a variety of invertebrates like insects and spiders. In the warm months, the females each lay a single egg in moist soil or rotten logs at an interval of approximately fourteen days.
The brown anole is short-snouted and averages a total length of 5 – 8.5 in with some reaching up to 9 in. Males are generally larger (7 – 8 in) than their female counterparts (3 – 6 in). A. sagrei are brown (ranging from light brown to nearly black gray-brown) with dark brown markings on the back and whitish or yellowish tan colors on the sides. It possesses enlarged toe pads. The males, while possessing smaller heads, have brightly colored orange, red or yellow dewlaps (usually with yellow or white edges). The females can be identified with the light-colored line that runs down the middle of the back.
Learn more with Schechter Natural History's Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians