Veiled Chameleon

Veiled Chameleon

Chamaeleo calyptratus


The Veiled Chameleon (chamaeleo calyptratus) is one of the many species of chameleon that is endemic to the Arabian Peninsula in Yemen and Saudi Arabia.


Generally, chameleons are best known for their ability to change color. They can also compress their bodies to appear thinner and branch-like. They are in fact, referred to as masters of disguise. Although these abilities are influenced by age, sex, temperature, light, health status, shedding, presence of a mate, perception of a threat, and other environmental factors, it can occur rapidly or gradually. For example, these chameleons tend to change to a much darker color when stressed. Also, while breeding, females turn from their usual light green to a blackish green color with blue and yellow markings on their body. They are capable of breeding close to three times a year laying large clutches of up to 85 white eggs between 20-30 days after mating. They do head rolls and chin rubs for communication especially during mating sessions. Although the Veil Chameleons are shy and solitary animals, they can also be very territorial and aggressive towards one another especially the male species. They are mostly found dwelling in trees, woodlands, tree-lined roadways and gardens. They are able to live for up to 8 years in warm temperature. These species have a broad appetite though primarily feed on insects, preferably green insects, small birds and mammals. It also feeds on plants and vegetables from which it gets water, especially during the dry season when there is little amount of water.


The veiled chameleon is the commonest of about 80 species of chameleon because of its exclusive and very many features. It is a large chameleon reaching the total length of 24 inches including the tail. This animal is referred to as ‘veiled chameleon’ basically because of the protuberance it has growing on its head. Initially, the casque (protuberance) is small but then grows up to 2 inches in matured species. They are dimorphic having the male and female looking significantly different. The male species have larger and pointed casques and are in turn, larger in size. They have spurs right at the back of their hind feet and unlike the females, longer spines. Females, on the other hand, have smaller heads but are heavily bodied. The chameleon can be gold, blue, yellow, orange, black, etc. but while hatchling, the veiled chameleons are usually light green, patterned with several other colors (E.g. turquoise, yellow, orange, green and black) and eventually, gain the ability to change color and develop stripes as they age. Asides the large casques, the chameleon has an unusually long and sticky tongue that can measure up to twice the total body length. It has an obvious set of long cones on its gular crest and also, thick bands that goes round the body. Interestingly, its eyes are independent of each other; one can focus up while looking to the right as the other looks down and to the left. It has opposed fingers and toes but do not have ear openings or middle ear, although not deaf.


Explore Species

Mount Lyell Salamander
Marbled Salamander
Prairie Rattlesnake
Eastern Mud Turtle
Columbia Spotted Frog
Bird-Voiced Tree Frog
Oregon Spotted Frog
Long-Nosed Snake
Illinois Chorus Frog
Sierra Nevada Yellow-Legged Frog
Foothill Yellow-Legged Frog
Southern Mountain Yellow-Legged Frog
Cascades Frog
California Red-Legged Frog
Green Tree Frog
Squirrel Tree Frog
Jackson's Chameleon
New Mexico Whiptail
Red-Backed Whiptail
Flatwoods Salamander
Streamside Salamander
Trans-Pecos Ratsnake
Three-Toed Amphiuma
Mole Salamander
Northwestern Salamander
Green Salamander
Gray-Checkered Whiptail
Baja California Ratsnake
Six-Lined Racerunner
Santa Lucia Mountains Slender Salamander
San Diegan Legless Lizard
Big Spring Legless Lizard
Eastern Worm Snake
Northern Rubber Boa
Spotted Turtle
Reticulated Gecko
Western Worm Snake
American Crocodile
Tarahumara Frog
Apalachicola Alligator Snapping Turtle
Florida Bog Frog
Black Swampsnake
Glossy Swampsnake
Pig Frog
Diamondback Watersnake
River Frog
Alligator Snapping Turtle
Sonoran Whipsnake
Coal Skink
Texas Coralsnake
Striped Whipsnake
Western Slimy Salamander
Schott's Whipsnake
Alabama Waterdog
Neuse River Waterdog
Western Leaf-Nosed Snake
Brown Vinesnake
Slender Glass Lizard
Common Mudpuppy
Desert Horned Lizard
Louisiana Pinesnake
Slowinski's Cornsnake
Roundtail Horned Lizard
Tellico Salamander
Northern Slimy Salamander
Coeur D'alene Salamander
Southeastern Slimy Salamander
Cumberland Plateau Salamander
Kiamichi Slimy Salamander
South Mountain Gray-Cheeked Salamander
Weller's Salamander
Northern Gray-Cheeked Salamander
Southern Zigzag Salamander
California Tree Frog
Ocmulgee Slimy Salamander
Tiger Rattlesnake
Southern Hognose Snake
Timber Rattlesnake
Western Black-Tailed Rattlesnake
Spotted Dusky Salamander
Shovel-Nosed Salamander
Northern Dusky Salamander
Northern Pygmy Salamander
California Giant Salamander
Coastal Giant Salamander
Black Mountain Salamander
Flat-Headed Salamander
Sierra Night Lizard
Patch-Nosed Salamander
Salado Salamander
Cascade Caverns Salamander
Long-Tailed Salamander
Coastal Plain Dwarf Salamander
Ringed Map Turtle
Elegant Earless Lizard
Chihuahuan Mud Turtle
Limestone Salamander
Yellow-Blotched Map Turtle
Texas Tortoise
Oklahoma Salamander
Rainbow Snake
Western Narrow-Mouthed Toad
Western Earless Lizard
Tamaulipan Milksnake
California Mountain Kingsnake
Black Kingsnake
Short-Tailed Snake
Coast Mountain Kingsnake
River Cooter
Southern Chorus Frog
Spring Peeper
Spotted Chorus Frog
Western Chorus Frog
Northern Pacific Tree Frog
Florida Red-Bellied Cooter
Hurter's Spadefoot
Reef Gecko
Common Sagebrush Lizard
Eastern Musk Turtle
Little Brown Skink
Mexican Burrowing Toad
Couch's Spadefoot
Texas Blind Snake
Eastern Spadefoot
Plateau Fence Lizard
Crevice Spiny Lizard
Striped Plateau Lizard
Western Massasauga
Mexican Spadefoot
Common Mexican Tree Frog
Loggerhead Musk Turtle
Mexican Black-Headed Snake
Southeastern Crowned Snake
Rim Rock Crowned Snake
Western Black-Headed Snake
Chihuahuan Black-Headed Snake
Florida Crowned Snake
Yaqui Black-Headed Snake
Sierra Newt
Giant Garter Snake
Checkered Garter Snake
Mojave Fringe-Toed Lizard
Mexican Gartersnake
Black-Necked Gartersnake
Ornate Tree Lizard
Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander
Blue Ridge Dusky Salamander
Rio Grande Leopard Frog
Striped Newt
Pine Barrens Tree Frog
Barking Tree Frog
Olive Ridley Sea Turtle
Great Plains Skink
Prairie Skink
Many-Lined Skink
Gilbert's Skink
Mole Skink
Mountain Skink
Florida Sand Skink
Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtle
Banded Watersnake
Concho Watersnake
Brazos River Watersnake
Plain-Bellied Watersnake
Brown Watersnake
Common Watersnake
Saltmarsh Snake
Mississippi Green Watersnake
Florida Green Watersnake
Red-Bellied Snake
Leatherback Sea Turtle
Florida Brownsnake
Dekay's Brownsnake
Green Sea Turtle
Hawksbill Sea Turtle
Eastern Coralsnake
Loggerhead Sea Turtle
Junaluska Salamander
Arizona Tree Frog
Brownback Salamander
Canyon Tree Frog
Blanco Blind Salamander
Georgetown Salamander
Barton Springs Salamander
Bog Dwarf Salamander
Comal Blind Salamander
Austin Blind Salamander
Blue Ridge Two-Lined Salamander
Valdina Farms Salamander
Georgia Blind Salamander
Northern Two-Lined Salamander
Chamberlain's Dwarf Salamander
Jollyville Plateau Salamander
Grotto Salamander
Ouachita Streambed Salamander
Three-Lined Salamander
Southern Two-Lined Salamander
Western Dwarf Salamander
Texas Salamander
Texas Blind Salamander
Fern Bank Salamander
Hillis's Dwarf Salamander
San Marcos Salamander
Cave Salamander
Four-Lined Skink
Many-Ribbed Salamander
Western Skink
Long-Toed Salamander
Savannah Slimy Salamander
Ravine Salamander
Shenandoah Mountain Salamander
Webster's Salamander
Mississippi Slimy Salamander
Yonahlossee Salamander
Blue Ridge Gray-Cheeked Salamander
Van Dyke's Salamander
Wehrle's Salamander
Siskiyou Mountains Salamander
Reticulated Flatwoods Salamander
Dixie Caverns Salamander
Ringed Salamander
California Tiger Salamander
Spotted Salamander
Blue-Spotted Salamander
Jefferson Salamander
Cuban Tree Frog
Mabee's Salamander
Western Tiger Salamander
Tiger Salamander
Small-Mouthed Salamander
Texas Banded Gecko
Northern Cat-Eyed Snake
Western Banded Gecko
Barefoot Banded Gecko
Arizona Mountain Kingsnake
Gray-Banded Kingsnake
Western Milksnake
Eastern Milksnake
Chihuahuan Mountain Kingsnake
Speckled Kingsnake
Eastern Kingsnake
Twin-Spotted Rattlesnake
Eastern Black-Tailed Rattlesnake
Arizona Black Rattlesnake
Rock Rattlesnake
Ridge-Nosed Rattlesnake
Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake
Pine Snake
Gopher Snake
Ozark Zigzag Salamander
Texas Spiny Lizard
Yarrow's Spiny Lizard
Western Fence Lizard
Prairie Lizard
Eastern Fence Lizard
Blue Spiny Lizard
Yellow-Backed Spiny Lizard
Barbour's Map Turtle
Twin-Spotted Spiny Lizard
Big Bend Blackhead Snake
Southwestern Blackhead Snake
False Map Turtle
Ouachita Map Turtle
Black-Knobbed Map Turtle
Plains Black-Headed Snake
Flat-Headed Snake
Sand Snake
Cagle's Map Turtle
Northern Map Turtle
Escambia Map Turtle
Alabama Map Turtle
Pearl River Map Turtle
Texas Map Turtle
Sabine Map Turtle
Pascagoula Map Turtle
New Jersey Chorus Frog
Little Grass Frog
Cajun Chorus Frog
Greater Siren
Lesser Siren
Mountain Chorus Frog
Ornate Chorus Frog
Island Night Lizard
Sandstone Night Lizard
Strecker's Chorus Frog
Sierran Tree Frog
Brimley's Chorus Frog
Baja California Tree Frog
Baja California Night Lizard
Granite Night Lizard
Desert Night Lizard
Bezy's Night Lizard
Arizona Night Lizard
Flattened Musk Turtle
Razor-Backed Musk Turtle
Scarlet Kingsnake
Desert Kingsnake
Sequoyah Slimy Salamander
Caddo Mountain Salamander
Scott Bar Salamander
Chattahoochee Slimy Salamander
Red-Cheeked Salamander
Northern Zigzag Salamander
Atlantic Coast Slimy Salamander
Prairie Kingsnake
Smooth Earthsnake
Texas Scarletsnake
Rough Earthsnake
Boa Constrictor
Burmese Python
Eastern Copperhead
Broad-Banded Copperhead
Crested Anole
Bark Anole
Brown Anole
Four-Toed Salamander
Knight Anole
Hispaniolan Stout Anole
Florida Cottonmouth
Northern Cottonmouth
Gray Tree Frog
Pine Woods Tree Frog
Cope's Gray Tree Frog
North American Racer
Greater Earless Lizard
Mohave Shovel-Nosed Snake
Resplendent Desert Shovel-Nosed Snakera
Sonoran Shovel-Nosed Snake
Agassiz's Desert Tortoise
Boreal Chorus Frog
Dunn's Salamander
White-Spotted Slimy Salamander
Cheoah Bald Salamander
Valley And Ridge Salamander
Rich Mountain Salamander
Del Norte Salamander
Northern Ravine Salamander
Fourche Mountain Salamander
Peaks Of Otter Salamander
Louisiana Slimy Salamander
Larch Mountain Salamander
Cheat Mountain Salamander
Jemez Mountains Salamander
Southern Gray-Cheeked Salamander
Southern Red-Backed Salamander
Western Red-Backed Salamander
Shenandoah Salamander
Big Levels Salamander
Southern Appalachian Salamander
Red-Legged Salamander
South Carolina Slimy Salamander
Pigeon Mountain Salamander
Cow Knob Salamander
Graham's Crayfish Snake
Short-Headed Gartersnake
Eastern Ribbon Snake
Plains Garter Snake
Western Ribbon Snake
Narrowhead Garter Snake
Two-Striped Garter Snake
Butler's Garter Snake
Sierra Garter Snake
Common Garter Snake
Northwestern Garter Snake
Aquatic Garter Snake
Pygmy Rattlesnake
Mexican Hognose Snake
Eastern Hognose Snake
Plains Hognose Snake
Green Rat Snake
Sonoran Collared Lizard
Eastern Collared Lizard
Baja California Collared Lizard
Desert Collared Lizard
Reticulate Collared Lizard
Texas Cooter
Painted Turtle
Mimic Glass Lizard
Southern Painted Turtle
Alabama Red-Bellied Cooter
Rio Grande Cooter
Northern Red-Bellied Cooter
Peninsular Cooter
Western Threadsnake
New Mexico Blind Snake
Western Groundsnake
Trans-Pecos Blindsnake
Peninsular Leaf-Toed Gecko
Coachella Valley Fringe-Toed Lizard
Yuman Desert Fringe-Toed Lizard
Colorado Desert Fringe-Toed Lizard
Rainbow Whiptail
Southern Rubber Boa
Texas Alligator Lizard
Chihuahuan Hook-Nosed Snake
Triploid Checkered Whiptail
Marbled Whiptail
Little Striped Whiptail
Laredo Striped Whiptail
Common Spotted Whiptail
Orange-Throated Whiptail
Gila Spotted Whiptail
Chihuahuan Spotted Whiptail
Giant Spotted Whiptail
Plateau Spotted Whiptail
Sonoran Spotted Whiptail
Pai Striped Whiptail
Plateau Striped Whiptail
Desert Grassland Whiptail
Southwestern Fence Lizard
Western Whiptail
Arizona Striped Whiptail
Spiny Softshell Turtle
Smooth Softshell Turtle
Desert Spiny Lizard
Slevin’S Bunch Grass Lizard
Striped Swampsnake
Florida Softshell Turtle
Dunes Sagebrush Lizard
Clark's Spiny Lizard
Rose-Bellied Lizard
Florida Scrub Lizard
Canyon Lizard
Graphic Spiny Lizard
Blunt-Nosed Leopard Lizard
Yellow Mud Turtle
Great Plains Ratsnake
Cope's Leopard Lizard
American Alligator
Chicken Turtle
Long-Nosed Leopard Lizard
Sonoran Mud Turtle
Arizona Mud Turtle
Striped Mud Turtle
Gray Ratsnake
Keeled Earless Lizard
Spot-Tailed Earless Lizard
Zebra-Tailed Lizard
Common Side-Blotched Lizard
Baird's Ratsnake
Western Ratsnake
Eastern Foxsnake
Eastern Glass Lizard
Western Foxsnake
Island Glass Lizard
Green Frog
American Bullfrog
Long-Tailed Brush Lizard
Black-Tailed Brush Lizard
Chiricahua Leopard Frog
Northern Red-Legged Frog
Gopher Frog
Atlantic Coast Leopard Frog
Relict Leopard Frog
Pickerel Frog
Northern Leopard Frog
Dusky Gopher Frog
Southern Leopard Frog
Mink Frog
Wood Frog
Lowland Leopard Frog
Plains Leopard Frog
Crawfish Frog
Vegas Valley Leopard Frog
Carpenter Frog
Kern Plateau Slender Salamander
Kern Canyon Slender Salamander
Tehachapi Slender Salamander
Relictual Slender Salamander
Oregon Slender Salamander
Kings River Slender Salamander
California Slender Salamander
Clouded Salamander
Sacramento Mountain Salamander
Arboreal Salamander
Black Salamander
Wandering Salamander
Apalachicola Dusky Salamander
Cumberland Dusky Salamander
Ouachita Dusky Salamander
Carolina Mountain Dusky Salamander
Southern Dusky Salamander
Imitator Salamander
Seal Salamander
Dwarf Black-Bellied Salamander
Ocoee Salamander
Black-Bellied Salamander
Pygmy Salamander
Seepage Salamander
Plains Spadefoot
Santeetlah Dusky Salamander
Great Basin Spadefoot
Mourning Gecko
Mediterranean House Gecko
African Clawed Frog
Brahminy Blindsnake
Argentine Black-And-White Tegu
Eastern Indigo Snake
Desert Rosy Boa
Coastal Rosy Boa
Peters's Rock Agama
Central American Indigo Snake
Suwannee Alligator Snapping Turtle
Mexican White-Lipped Frog
Sheep Frog
Mazatlan Narrow-Mouthed Toad
Baja California Coachwhip
Gabilan Mountains Slender Salamander
Thornscrub Hook-Nosed Snake
Loeding's Mudpuppy
Rough-Skinned Newt
Red River Mudpuppy
Dwarf Waterdog
Gulf Coast Waterdog
California Newt
Red-Bellied Newt
Southern Dwarf Siren
Northern Dwarf Siren
Mud Salamander
Red Salamander
Inyo Mountains Salamander
San Gabriel Mountains Slender Salamander
San Simeon Slender Salamander
Fairview Slender Salamander
Greenhorn Mountains Slender Salamander
Cascade Torrent Salamander
Southern Torrent Salamander
Olympic Torrent Salamander
Columbia Torrent Salamander
Hell Hollow Slender Salamander
Gregarious Slender Salamander
Sequoia Slender Salamander
Lesser Slender Salamander
Channel Islands Slender Salamander
Western Spadefoot
Cope's Giant Salamander
Idaho Giant Salamander
Two-Toed Amphiuma
One-Toed Amphiuma
Forest Sharp-Tailed Snake
Lowland Burrowing Tree Frog
Sharp-Tailed Snake
Northern Alligator Lizard
Panamint Alligator Lizard
Arizona Alligator Lizard
Southern Alligator Lizard
Eastern Patch-Nosed Snake
Big Bend Patchnose Snake
Black-Spotted Newt
Eastern Newt
Many-Lined Salamander
Diamondback Terrapin
Greater Short-Horned Lizard
Wood Turtle
Blanding's Turtle
Bog Turtle
Flat-Tailed Horned Lizard
Morafka’S Desert Tortoise
Florida Worm Lizard
Gopher Tortoise
Western Pond Turtle
Ornate Box Turtle
Common Box Turtle
Regal Horned Lizard
Pygmy Short-Horned Lizard
Blainville's Horned Lizard
Texas Horned Lizard
Sonoran Horned Lizard
Striped Racer
Northern Legless Lizard
Black-Striped Snake
Temblor Legless Lizard
Saddled Leafnose Snake
Bakersfield Legless Lizard
Veiled Chameleon
Brown Basilisk
Glossy Snake
Spectacled Caiman
Kirtland's Snake
Mottled Snake-Eyed Skink
Black Spiny-Tailed Iguana
Desert Iguana
Western Spiny-Tailed Iguana
Shasta Salamander
Wintu Shasta Salamander
Samwel Shasta Salamander
Red Hills Salamander
Berry Cave Salamander
Big Bend Slider
California Lyresnake
Spring Salamander
West Virginia Spring Salamander
Tennessee Cave Salamander
Mesoamerican Slider
Common Slider
Texas Lyre Snake
Pine Woods Littersnake
Sonoran Lyre Snake
Sonoran Coralsnake
Chihuahuan Nightsnake
Coast Night Snake
Desert Nightsnake
Yellow-Bellied Sea Snake
Speckled Racer
Azure-Tailed Skink
Gila Monster
Mexican Hooknose Snake
Green Iguana
Hispaniolan Khaki Curlytail
Western Green Lizard
Delicate Garden Skink
Northern Curly-Tailed Lizard
Smooth Greensnake
Rough Greensnake
Wattle-Necked Softshell Turtle
Chinese Softshell Turtle
Banded Rock Lizard
Italian Wall Lizard
Common Chuckwalla
Ashy Gecko
African Five-Lined Skink
Lined Snake
Yosemite Toad
Canadian Toad
Woodhouse's Toad
American Toad
Fowler's Toad
Barking Frog
Oak Toad
Houston Toad
Western Toad
Sonoran Green Toad
Great Plains Toad
Arizona Toad
Red-Spotted Toad
Texas Toad
Amargosa Toad
Green Toad
Black Toad
Gulf Coast Toad
Rocky Mountain Tailed Frog
Coastal Tailed Frog
Arroyo Toad
Wyoming Toad
Colorado River Toad
Dixie Valley Toad
Cane Toad
Rio Grande Chirping Frog
Greenhouse Frog
Spotted Chirping Frog
Cliff Chirping Frog
Giant Toad
Eastern Narrow-Mouthed Toad
Common Snapping Turtle
Western Terrestrial Garter Snake
Green Anole
Blanchard's Cricket Frog
Northern Cricket Frog
Southern Cricket Frog
California King Snake
Upland Chorus Frog
Black-Bellied Slender Salamander
Garden Slender Salamander
Eastern Red-Backed Salamander
Granite Spiny Lizard
Eastern Ratsnake
Red Diamond Rattlesnake
Western Diamond-Backed Rattlesnake
Panamint Rattlesnake
Ring-Necked Snake
Broad-Headed Skink
Southeastern Five-Lined Skink
Common Five-Lined Skink
Southwestern Speckled Rattlesnake
Western Rattlesnake
Corn Snake
Western Patch-Nosed Snake
Southern Toad
Mojave Rattlesnake