Eastern United States and Canada starting in southern New Brunswick, southeastern Quebec, and southern Ontario, and extending to western Kentucky and northeastern Georgia.
Usually inhabit areas near running water including woodland streams, springs, and floodplains. Takes cover under rocks, leaves, and other natural vegetation. Females lay eggs near water sources under rocks or cavities.
Dorsum ranges from yellow-brown to blackish; possesses 14 costal grooves and around 4 intercostal folds between toes. Jaw muscles and rear legs are muscular and enlarged. Venter ranges from gray to cream in color. Males and females breed in the summer; females lay eggs in June or July. Clutch sizes range from 10 to 30; eggs are held together by outer envelopes.
Learn more with Schechter Natural History's Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians