This species is native to San Marcos, Hays County, Texas. It is specifically endemic to the San Marcos Pool of the Edwards Aquifer.
The Texas blind salamander lives underground in streams, caves and deep recesses. It feeds on snails, shrimps and other aquatic invertebrates. Reproduction occurs throughout the year as the male counterpart deposit spermatophore on rocks or substrate. Females can lay more than 35 eggs at a time. It takes several weeks for the eggs to hatch.
The length of the Texas blind salamander ranges from 3.25- 5.375 inches. This species is white in color, has no eyes, little skin pigment and only two small black dots under its skin. One of the characteristics of the Texas blind salamander is the very broad, flat head and snout. Its four limbs have four digits while hind limbs have five. The limbs are thin elongate. The tail is compressed laterally and finned, tapering at its end.
Learn more with Schechter Natural History's Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians