Southeastern United States southward from eastern North Carolina to Florida; westward to southern Mississippi. Populations in Mississippi and Alabama are rare and potentially extirpated.
Can be found in dry, open areas like sand ridges, pine flatwoods, sand dunes, woodlands, oak hammocks, and old fields. Especially prefer dry, sandy soil. Spends a great deal of its time burrowed underground. Diet usually includes toads and frogs; will also ingest lizards and small mammals. Uses its snout to dig for food.
Can be identified by easily distinguishable upturned snout which resembles that of a hog. Dorsum is tan, grey, or reddish and exhibits large dark brown spots down back and smaller spots down either side. Venter is light gray. Males and females breed between April and August. Females typically lay clutches of between 6 and 10 eggs and are larger than their male counterparts. Juveniles exhibit a gray dorsum with dark spots.
Learn more with Schechter Natural History's Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians