Found through the central plains of the North America from southern Alberta & Manitoba to Northern Mexico. Range includes Arizona to the west and Missouri to the East.
Terrestrial (adults). Usually found in sagebrush or grassland habitats with sand, gravel, or soil near bodies of water. Enters water to breed, lay eggs, and when in juvenile phases.
Length up to 2.25 inches from snout to vent. Relatively smooth gray to brown colored skin, occasionally with green hue. Four light stripes run dorsally and on the sides. Ventral surface solid white. Large eyes with raised bony lump between them. Differs from true toads by possessing a vertical, elliptical pupil. Has a large, black wedge-shaped "spade" on the bottom of each rear foot. Lack prominent parotid glands behind eyes.
Learn more with Schechter Natural History's Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians