This frog can be found through most of Sub-Saharan Africa including Nigeria, Sudan, and South Africa. They were introduced in North America, South America, and Europe.
They thrive in stagnant ponds with warm temperatures. The ponds typically do not have higher plant vegetation and are full of green algae. Xenopus laevis can be found in temperatures between 60-80 degrees Fahrenheit. These frogs are completely aquatic and only leave the water when they have to migrate. Females attach their eggs to plants and other anchors underwater. These frogs are scavengers and eat almost any type of organic waste as well as anything that passes in front of it.
These are toothless, tongueless frogs that are completely aquatic. These frogs have claws that are designed for feeding. They have a flattened body and a wedge-shaped head. They do not have eyelids and the eyes are located on the top of the head. It had unwebbed forefeet but the hind feet are ebbed and large. The skin is smooth and slippery with a multicolored background and blotches of brown or olive-gray and plain gray. The back has lateral lines. The underside is a creamy white with a yellowish tinge. They suck the food into their mouths through a hyobranchial pump. Xenopus laevis do not possess external eardrums, instead, they have subcutaneous cartilaginous disks that provide the same uses. There is sexual dimorphism in this species because the males are 20% smaller than females (average length of 2-2.4 inches) and have slim legs and bodies. The females appear plumper (average length of 4.7 inches) and have bulges just above the hind legs – this is where the eggs are internally located.
Learn more with Schechter Natural History's Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians